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However, Indians continued to top the charts, as they have for the past several years.
20,769 Indian citizens were invited to be permanent residents during 2022, which constitute nearly 45% of the total invites that were issued during this year.Next in line were citizens from Nigeria who obtained 2,909 (6% of the invites) and Chinese who bagged 2,456 invites (5% of the invites).
India Canada News: 1.6 lakh Indians took Canada citizenship and left India between Jan 2018 to June 2023
Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), the immigration unit of the Canadian government, has just released the ‘Express Entry Report-2022’, which provides country-wise data. Immigration experts attribute the lower number of draws in 2022 to the temporary halting of draws relating to ‘Federal Skilled’ immigrant programs during the period September 2021 up to July 2022. The Express Entry system consists of three core programs, typically the Federal Skilled Worker Program is the most significant in contributing to the permanent resident intake.
In 2021, IRCC had held 1.14 lakh Express Entry draws and 65,565 Indians or 57% of the total had obtained invites to apply for permanent residence. This was followed by Chinese with 9,590 invites (or 8%) and South Koreans with 3,131 invites (or nearly 3%).
In 2022, as in earlier years, software engineers and designers, information systems specialists and computer systems developers and programmers, which are related mainly to the technological field, were the most common occupations.
In each draw, aspiring candidates are ranked relative to each other based on a score under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Those who meet the cut-off score are sent an invitation to apply. CRS factors in various aspects such as age, qualification, experience, French proficiency et al. Candidates that receive an invitation to apply have 90 days to either decline the invitation or submit an online application for permanent residence to IRCC. After a due process, applicants and their accompanying family members become permanent residents when they are admitted to Canada.
According to data crunched by TOI for the year 2023, till date 29 draws have been held and 79,448 invites have been issued. A major chunk of permanent residents’ inflow is via the Express Entry system. Given the current strained ties with India, which is the most significant source-country and also the acute housing shortage, it remains to be seen whether Canada will achieve its target of 4.65 lakh permanent residents in 2023.
Changes to Express Entry draws have been introduced recently, and category-based selection has been introduced. Category-based selection draws during 2023 will focus on candidates who have a strong French language proficiency or work experience in the following fields: Healthcare occupations (this includes general practitioners, licensed nurses, dentists); Science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) occupations (this includes data scientists, data analysts, computer engineers, civil engineers); Trade occupations (this includes as carpenters, plumbers, electricians); Transport occupations (this includes pilots, aero engineers, truck drivers) and lastly Agriculture and agri-food occupations.
TOI deep dived into the data of draws held during 2023. A STEM specific draw held on July 5, had resulted in 500 invites (it had a cut-off score of 486 points); a healthcare occupation draw held a day later had resulted in 1500 invites, with a cut-off score of 463 points. More recently, on September 20, the draw resulted in 1000 invites being sent to those in the transport occupation with a cut-off score of 435 points.
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